GBV is a global challenge that violates basic human rights and human security. A part from the individual suffering, i t carries high cost for society and is a major obstacle to development. Domestic violence has been a persistent problem throughout recorded history and is one of the primary public policy concerns worldwide. Worldwide, over a quarter of women aged 1 5 – 49 years who have been in a relationship have been subjected to physical and/ or sexual violence by their intimate partner at least once in their l ifetime and 38 % of all murders of women are committed by intimate partners [ 1 ] . In Nepal, 22 % of women aged 1 5 – 49 years report experiencing some form of physical, sexual, or emotional abuse, and half of all women face violence in the home. Domestic violence has been a persistent problem throughout recorded history and is one of the primary public policy concerns worldwide. There high level of domestic violence prevalent in Nepali society as well. Nepali women and girls are vulnerable to both domestic violence and public violence. Domestic violence includes physical abuse ( for example, beating, slapping, hair pulling, kicking, burning, beating with a stick, or using a knife and others) and mental torture ( threats, verbal abuse, and neglect and others) by husbands or other family members. Early marriages, dowry- related violence, sexual abuse in the household, polygamy, marital rape including others are also part of violence happening within homes.
In the context of gender discrimination, girls and women of all walks of life are more affected, so more emphasis is placed on the rights of girls and women. This year, the campaign against sexual violence was celebrated with the United Nations slogan, “UNITE! Activism to end violence against women and girls.”
Tarangini believes that violence against women will not end until women’s labor is recognized and respected as the driving force behind the country’s economic and social transformation. Therefore, during the 16 days of activism,Tarangini Foundation conducted several programs, campaigns and rallys in order to advocate for a safe, belonging and respectful environment for every home and public place, an environment free from any kind of violence. Tarangini actively involves in the campaign by carrying the objective of advocating for inclusive and long term strategic programs and resources to prevent and eliminate sexual violence in public and private spaces along with the creation of an environment conductive to access to justice for those affected by violence and to lay the groundwork for ensuring the right of survivors to self-respect and justice.
During these days of activism, visibility was showcased by conduction of joint rally, press releases, advocacy programs and solidarity. 16 days of activism is celebrated every year for the realization and apprehension regarding gender equality and violence against women however, continuous awareness and action followed by determination is required all year round from every individual and responsible authorities to eliminate violence against women.
Violence Against Women Prevalence Estimates, WHO, 2018